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职称英语阅读理解轻松解题法:巧用标题解题

  • 更新时间:2009-06-26 11:21
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内容提要:
    在很多博大考神特有的解题技巧中,专家都告诉考生一定要先看文章的标题,并且要读懂标题。因为标题一般情况下就揭示了文章的论述对象和主旨。了解标题对掌握整篇文章非常有帮助。其实标题的作用除了掌握文章主查文章主旨

    在很多博大考神特有的解题技巧中,专家都告诉考生一定要先看文章的标题,并且要读懂标题。因为标题一般情况下就揭示了文章的论述对象和主旨。了解标题对掌握整篇文章非常有帮助。其实标题的作用除了掌握文章主旨,也可以直接用来解题。这就是博大考神职称英语(论坛)专家教给大家的轻松解题方法的其中一点:利用标题解题。

    在阅读理解的题目中,经常会有考查文章主旨、概括文章大意或者作者意图的题目类型出现。很多考生在遇到这种题的时候都会认为这是需要通篇阅读文章,并且要对文章内容有充分的理解才能将这种题目做正确。但是在实际做题中,考生可以巧妙的利用多种渠道,并不需要完全理解文章意思。

    利用标题解题都是与题目的特殊性有关的,在揭示主题或者阐述文章描述对象的题型上非常有用。而利用标题解题还需要选项的配合,主要分为两种情况:第一、标题内容直接出现在选项中;第二、标题内容在选项中得到解释和进一步阐述。

    听起来有点复杂,但是在实际做题中,利用标题解题是一个非常简单易用的方法。下面专家以2007年综合C真题的一道阅读理解为例讲解。

    2007年综合类C级阅读理解第一篇:

His Own Way to Express Love

Yesterday was our three-year anniversary. We didn’t do anything romantic; we just walked hand in hand and talked about our past and the future. This was pretty much what I had expected.

Andy is an unromantic guy: no sweet words or roses. Smarted as he is, he is a little bit shy expressing his love. In contrast, I am an outspoken (直言不讳) girl who likes to show her feelings directly. So needless to say, I often feel that he is insensitive. I envy other girls who are surrounded by sweet words.

I was in his sullen mood until I heard a beautiful sentence one day: “If one does not love you the way you like, it does not mean that he does not love you.” This simple but sensible sentence made me think about our happy days and recall his deep concern for me.

One cold winter night, I got a high fever. He hurried to my dormitory and took me to the hospital. He was in such a hurry that he even forgot to wear socks. After arrival, he ran through the hospital handling all the formalities (手续). When I was put on a drip (点滴), he told me interesting stories to make me happy. Being held in his warm arms and listening to his tender (温柔的) voice, I had never felt so safe and comfortable. Gradually, I fell asleep. When I woke up 15 minutes later, he was still mumbling (咕哝地说) to me. He explained that if he had stopping talking I would have woken up. At that moment, I found love in his eyes.

Another time, I had a bad quarrel with my best friend. Although I knew it was my fault, I refused to admit it. I was very angry when he insisted I apologize to her. He said that it was difficult to admit a mistake, but this was what everyone should do. The next morning, I apologized to my friend for her forgiveness.

My unromantic boyfriend cares about my health like my father, understands me like my mother and helps me like my elder brother.

34 The writer tells the reader two stories to show that

A Andy is a romantic guy.

B Andy has his own way to express love.

C Andy is an insensitive guy.

D Andy is a foolish guy.

    本题问:作者告诉读者这两个故事来表示什么?大多数考生拿到题就想,考查作者的意图,应该通读全文掌握大意或者阅读文章最后两段寻找表现作者意图的句子或者词语。但是博大考神专家提醒考生需要注意的是看完题目不要急着回到文章寻找,而是看看选项,是否根据选项就能判断出正确答案,比如通过排除法,对比法等等,所以这道题一样,看完题目看选项。很容易看到选项B中出现了标题的内容His Own Way to Express Love。选项与文章标题几乎完全一样,既然标题能揭示一篇文章的主旨,那么这里肯定正确选项就是B。

    这就是巧用标题解题的第一种,标题内容直接体现在选项中。所以广大考生在考试时不要盲目地阅读文章、查单词,应该是利用多种渠道来解题。

巧用标题解答阅读理解(二)

    在职称英语专家的解题技巧里,经常会运用标题来处理问题。前文提到的是标题内容直接出现在选项中,这种技巧非常容易解答也很容易掌握。那么还有一种情况是正确选项将标题的内容进行解释和阐述。这种情况下就需要考生的思维活跃,能巧妙的从选项中找出标题的内容。例题:08年职称英语考试用书的阅读理解第二篇

Electric Backpack

Backpacks are convenient. They can hold your books, your lunch, and a change of clothes, leaving your hands free to do other things. Someday, if you don’t mind carrying a heavy load, your backpacks might also power your MP3 player, keep your cell phone running, and maybe even light your way home.

Lawrence C. Rome and his colleagues from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia and the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole3, Mass., have invented a backpack that makes electricity from energy produced while its wearer walks. In military actions, search-and-rescue operations, and scientific field studies, people rely increasingly on cell phones, global positioning system (GPS) receivers, night-vision goggles, and other battery-powered devices to get around and do their work. The backpack’s electricity-generating feature could dramatically reduce the amount of a wearer’s load now devoted to spare batteries, report Rome and his colleagues in the Sept. 9 Science.

The backpack’s electricity-creating powers depend on springs used to hang a cloth pack from its metal frame. The frame sits against the wearer’s back, and the whole pack moves up and down as the person walks. A gear mechanism converts vertical movements of the pack to rotary motions of an electrical generator, producing up to 7.4 watts.

Unexpectedly, tests showed that wearers of the new backpack alter their gaits in response to the pack’s oscillations(摆动), so that they carry loads more comfortably and with less effort than they do ordinary backpacks. Because of that surprising advantage, Rome plans to commercialize both electric and non-electric versions of the backpack.

The backpack could be especially useful for soldiers, scientists, mountaineers, and emergency workers who typically carry heavy backpacks. For the rest of us, power-generating backpacks could make it possible to walk, play video games, watch TV, and listen to music, all at the same time. Electricity-generating packs aren’t on the market yet, but if you do get one eventually, just make sure to look both ways before crossing the street!

2. What is the most important feature of the backpack invented by Lawrence C. Rome and his colleagues?

A) It produces electricity for electronic devices while the wearer walks.

B) It can be used as cell phones, GPS in the military actions or field studies.

C) It is small and convenient.

D) It is light and easy to carry.

    可能大部分考生看到这个题就会根据关键词定位法首先确定关键词,再通过关键词回到原文,然后阅读原句,最后判断得出正确答案。

    但是博大考神专家强调的是轻松通过考试,希望我们的考生都能以灵活的思维来解题。本题的意思是问Lawrence C. Rome和他同事发明的背包最大的特点是什么?首先我们应该想到本文的标题是“能发电的背包”。根据文章的标题一般都是文章的中心论述,由此可以推断,整篇文章都和背包以及电有关,那么这个背包最大的优势是什么呢?当然还是和电有关。再看看选项中只有A中提到了electricity(电),正确答案就肯定是A。

    这就是第二种运用标题解答的方法。虽然说比选项中直接出现标题内容要复杂一点点,但是只要思维灵活,看完题目简单灵活的思考一下,就能轻松的解答题,而不需要去阅读原文,理解原文。

 

 


 

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